National Parks and Protected Areas in Bhutan
National Parks and Protected Areas in Bhutan, the country is known for its environment. Environment preservation has been given due importance so that the future generations of the Bhutanese people benefit from them. Therefore a number of protected areas have been identified by the Government. There are today ten protected areas covering about 16,396.43 square kilometres.
Wangchuck Centennial Park
The Wangchuck Centennial Park was lunched on 12th December 2008 as a tribute to our kings. Located in central-northen Bhutan, the park covers an area of 4,194 square kilometres. It is a source of four major river systems in the country namely the Punatshang chu, Chamkhar Chu and Kuri Chu. The park has about 244 species of plants, 23 species of large mammals and 134 bird species. The Royal Bengal Tiger, the Snow leopard, Takin and the Himalayan Black bear are all found here.
Jigme Dorji National Park
Jigme Dorji National park is the second largest protected area in the country. It covers an area of 4,316 square kilometres. The park hass many endangered species including the Royal Bengal Tiger, Snow leopard, Takin, Blue sheep, Musk deer, Himalayan Black bear, Marmot, Red panda all shelter here.
Royal Manas National Park
The Royal National Park is the oldest park in Bhutan. It is located between Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park in the North, and the Manas National Park in Assam, India to the South. It is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, Elephant, Guar, the Glden Langur, Pygmy hoh, Hispid hare, the Ganges River Dolphin, the Greater one-horned rhinoceros and the Asiatic wild buffalo.
The park has 362 species of birds that includes Rufous-necked horn bill, Wreathed, Pied and the Great Indian horn bill. Several plant species are valued ass food crops, while a number are of commercial and medicinal significance.
Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park
Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park covers an area of 1,730 square kilometres. It has a wide range of habitat. One can find broadleaf forest at 600 meters to coniferous forests, alpine pasture and lakes, to permanent ice at 4,925 meters. The Black necked crane inhabits the Park along with more than 499 species of birds.
Thrumshingla National Park
The Thrumsingla National Park is in central Bhutan. It covers 905 square kilometres. The altitude ranges from 700 to 4,400 meters. Six species of threatened birds found in the park are the Rufous necked hornbill, Rufous-throated wren-babbler, Satyr Tragopan, Beautiful nuthatch, Ward’s trogon and Chestnut-breasted partridge.
Bumdelling Wildlife Sanctuary
Bumdelling Wildlife Sanctuary is located in eastern Bhutan. It has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. It was established in 1995 and covers an area of 1,520.61 square kilometres. The bumdelling valley, in Trashi Yangtse falls within the Sanctuary and is one of the country’s two wintering spots for the blue sheep, snow leopard, red panda, tiger, leopard, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, wild boar, wild dog and fox.
Sakten Wildlife Sanctuary
Sakten Wildlife sanctuary is the world’s only protected area known to harbour the highly reclusive Yeti or the snow man. It covers 740.60 square kilometres with altitude ranging from 1,800 to 4,400 meters. It is also home to the endemic species such as the Eastern blue pine and the Blck-rumped magpie.
Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary
Located in the south-eastern part of the country and covering a modest 334.73 square kilometres, Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary is Bhutan’s smallest protected area. The altitude in the sanctuary ranges between 400 to 2,200 meters, and is an important habitat for Elephant, Guar and other tropical wildlife species. It is home to the Pygmy hog and Hispid hare.
Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary
The phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary is the second smallest park in the country and covers 268.93 square kilometres. The altitude ranges from 200 to 1,600 meters. It is the only area in the country to have Chital or the spotted deer, and the natural Sal forests. The sanctuary is home to Elephant, Royal Bengal Tiger, Gaur, Mahseer and the rare Ganges River dolphin.